Myopia and Genetics: Is Short-Sightedness Inherited?

At NewVision Clinics in Melbourne, we regularly see patients curious about the origins of their vision issues. One of the most common questions is whether myopia or short-sighted vision is inherited. Let’s delve into the science behind this prevalent eye condition.

The Genetic Link to Myopia

The primary cause of short-sighted vision is the elongation of the eyeball, causing light to focus in front of the retina instead of directly on it.

Recent studies have shown that genetics play a significant role in the development of short-sightedness. Research from the National Institutes of Health has identified over 400 gene loci associated with myopia and refractive errors. These findings were derived from various genetic studies, including family linkage analyses, candidate gene studies, genome-wide association studies (GWAS) and next-generation sequencing (NGS).

Furthermore, lifestyle factors such as excessive near work (like reading or computer use) and limited outdoor exposure have been identified as external contributors to myopia onset and progression.

Is Short-Sighted Vision Inherited?

Given the strong genetic component, it’s clear that short-sightedness can run in families. If one or both parents have myopia, their children are at a higher risk of developing the condition. Environmental factors, especially during childhood and adolescence, can also influence its onset and progression. Children who spend more time outdoors and less time on near-work activities, for example, have a reduced risk of becoming short-sighted.

Myopia Treatment Options at NewVision Clinics

At NewVision Clinics, we offer a range of myopia treatments tailored to individual needs. Our team of experts in Melbourne is committed to providing the best care for your short-sighted vision.

Take Action for Clearer Vision

Understanding the genetic and environmental factors contributing to myopia is crucial for its prevention and management. While genetics play a role, lifestyle choices can also influence the development and progression of short-sightedness. Regular eye check-ups and early intervention can help manage the condition effectively.

Visit us If You or a Loved one is Experiencing Short-Sighted Vision

If you or a loved one is experiencing short-sighted vision, our team is here to guide you through the best myopia treatment options tailored to your needs. Call us today on 1800 20 20 20 or contact us online to schedule an appointment.